The images below are used with kind permission from The University of Texas at Austin School of Biological Sciences. They are derived from two articles within two pubications dating from 1943 and 1944:

The University of Texas Publication No. 4313: April 1, 1943
Directed by J. T. Patterson
Professor of Zoology
The University of Texas
The University of Texas Publication No. 4445: December 1, 1944
Papers dealing with the taxonomy, nutrition, cytology
and interspecific hybridization in Drosophila
Directed by J. T. Patterson
Professor of Zoology
The University of Texas

From the ACKNOWLEDGMENTS in the earlier publication, the attribution to the artist of the original color illustrations is as follows:

Appreciation is due Mrs. Sarah L. Martin for the great care she has taken in making the pastels and pen and ink drawings with which this publication is illustrated. Mrs. Martin made all of the finished drawings, although the dissections and outline drawings of the reproductive systems of thirty-five species were done by Dr. L. E. Rosenblad. [...] All other species were dissected and illustrated by Mrs. Martin, except that the stippling on some of the pen and ink drawings was done by Miss Virginia L. Smith.
Description of Color Plates

The description of color plates I--X from Publication No. 4313 is as follows:

There are seventy-three forms illustrated in the ten plates. Each figure was outlined from a live specimen with the aid of a camera lucida and the details worked in by hand, using ink and pastels. All figures were drawn to the same scale, and all have been reduced the same amount in the reproductions. As they appear in the plates, the flies are magnified aproximately nineteen times. The finished plates were made by The Lakeside Press of Chicago, Illinois, using a 4-color process. The author believes that these illustrations will be of considerable help to collectors in identifying the different species of Drosophila, especially when used in connection with the detailed taxonomic descriptions found in the text. They are not intended to take the place of "type specimens" for the professional taxonomist, although they do emphasize to advantage many details of structure and color which he employs in his work. The types unfortunately are widely scattered in private collections and museums, and are not generally available except to the specialist on the group.

The description of color plates XI--XVI from Publication No. 4445 is as follows:

There are thirty-five forms (species and subspecies) illustrated in the six color plates. These plates represent a continuation of the series of the similar ones which appeared in Publication No. 4313 (1943), and are therefore numbered XI to XVI. The method employed by Mrs. Martin in preparing the original pastels was the same for both sets of plates. Hence, all figures were drawn to the same scale, and, as reproduced, the flies are magnified about nineteen times. There are 108 forms shown on the sixteen plates. Of this number 82 have been found in Mexico, 43 are common to United States and Mexico, 26 were collected in United States only, and 39 in Mexico only.

Note that the original scaling was lost during digitization of the illustrations.


  • Amiota albavictoria

  • Chymomyza amoena

  • Chymomyza procnemis

  • Drosophila affinis

  • Drosophila alafumosa

  • Drosophila alagitans

  • Drosophila aldrichi

  • Drosophila ananassae

  • Drosophila anceps

  • Drosophila arizonensis

  • Drosophila aurea

  • Drosophila bifurca

  • Drosophila biopaca

  • Drosophila bipunctata

  • Drosophila brevicarinata

  • Drosophila busckii

  • Drosophila calloptera

  • Drosophila canalinea

  • Drosophila capnoptera

  • Drosophila carbonaria

  • Drosophila cardini

  • Drosophila castanea

  • Drosophila cinerea

  • Drosophila crassa

  • Drosophila crocina

  • Drosophila duncani

  • Drosophila floricola

  • Drosophila fuliginea

  • Drosophila fulvalineata

  • Drosophila fulvimacula

  • Drosophila funebris

  • Drosophila gibberosa

  • Drosophila gigas

  • Drosophila grisea

  • Drosophila guttifera

  • Drosophila hamatofila

  • Drosophila hexastigma

  • Drosophila hydei

  • Drosophila hydeoides

  • Drosophila immigrans

  • Drosophila leonis

  • Drosophila longala

  • Drosophila longicornis

  • Drosophila macropolia

  • Drosophila macroptera

  • D. macrospina macrospina

  • Drosophila magnabadia

  • Drosophila mainlandi

  • Drosophila melanica

  • Drosophila melanissima

  • Drosophila melanogaster

  • Drosophila melanopalpa

  • D. mercatorum mercatorum

  • Drosophila meridiana

  • D. meridiana rioensis

  • Drosophila micromelanica

  • Drosophila mojavensis

  • Drosophila montana

  • Drosophila mulleri

  • Drosophila munda

  • Drosophila narragansett

  • Drosophila nebulosa

  • Drosophila nigricruria

  • Drosophila nigrohalterata

  • Drosophila nigrohydei

  • Drosophila nigromelanica

  • Drosophila nigrospiracula

  • Drosophila orbospiracula

  • Drosophila pachea

  • Drosophila parachrogaster

  • Drosophila pinicola

  • Drosophila pollinospadix

  • Drosophila polychaeta

  • Drosophila ponderosa

  • D. pseudoobscura pseudoobscura

  • Drosophila putrida

  • Drosophila racemova

  • Drosophila repleta

  • Drosophila ritae

  • Drosophila robusta

  • Drosophila rubrifrons

  • Drosophila sellata

  • Drosophila sigmoides

  • Drosophila spenceri

  • Drosophila subbadia

  • Drosophila subfunebris

  • Drosophila submacroptera

  • Drosophila suboccidentalis

  • Drosophila subquinaria

  • Drosophila subviridis

  • Drosophila sucinea

  • Drosophila texana

  • Drosophila transversa

  • Drosophila tripunctata

  • Drosophila uninubes

  • Drosophila unipunctata

  • Drosophila victoria

  • Drosophila virilis

  • Drosophila willistoni

  • Gitona americana

  • Gitona bivisualis

  • Leucophenga maculosa

  • Leucophenga pulcherrima

  • Leucophenga varia

  • Mycodrosophila dimidiata

  • Rhinoleucophenga obesa

  • Scaptomyza adusta

  • S. pictus gagei